SAM & DAVE: The Nashville Soul Sessions

220px-Sam_&_Dave_(2)I am listening to a Sam & Dave cd. I saw it in a catalogue and thought, “Wow I loved their music; I’m going to spend $6 on these tunes.” My big indulgence, I won’t buy cds just for background sound. I thought, hearing these songs will be making me happy. It turns out the cd has recordings they made when they were trying to make a come back. The first song on the cd was Soul Man. It didn’t sound right at all. I can hear that song in my head like it’s still 1967. I looked at the liner notes. What a let down. It even says these recordings in Nashville, late 1970s-early 1980s, did not do the job for them. If you do not immediately hear the sounds when you hear their names, you should check them out. Their singing is the real thing; do listen. My age cohort and dear friend, Jackie, claimed she’d no idea, said, “Was I living in a cave?” She looked on youtube and found them. She wrote that she especially admired their moves. That’s right. They were famous for working up major sweat in every performance. They did it. The tenor is Sam Moore; the baritone is Dave Prater. The heart of their soul music was produced at STAX records, in Memphis. The truly big years were 1965 – 1968. It’s Soul Man; Hold On, I’m Comin’; You Don’t Know Like I Know; When Something is Wrong With My Baby; Wrap it Up. As it turns out, great duo that they were in the studio and on the stage, they did not get along. For years, they couldn’t speak to each other; always arrived separately at recording sessions. STAX records were distributed by Atlantic Records. There was a fight between the companies. Atlantic scooped up Sam & Dave and took them to New York, but somehow their work there didn’t top the charts like the songs of the STAX years.

220px-Sam_&_DaveThey are in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, the Grammy Hall of Fame, won the Grammy, had multiple Gold Records. They had more success on the R & B charts than anyone with possible exception of Aretha Franklin. Soul Man, according to the Grammys is one of the most influential songs for 50 years. I think that means a lot of other acts tried to sing it. They broke up in 1969, reunited in 1972. Dave found a new Sam, Sam Daniels, 1982 until Dave’s death in a car crash, 1988. Sam Moore continues to perform. More power to him. Regarding this cd, I might donate it to the library book sale just not to be depressed by it. 
Time passes. Damn.

pictures: top, Sam & Dave, 1967, bottom, Sam & Dave, 1966.  Sam & Dave: the Nashville Soul Sessions, FUEL 2000 Records.

Andras Schiff Recital: Haydn, Beethoven, Mozart, Schubert

AndrasSchiffNo matter how difficult the pieces he chooses to play or how impossible it would be for another to play them as Andras Schiff plays them, the Hedgehog contends that it is at least if not more difficult to write about his performance.** On October 4, at Davies Symphony Hall, San Francisco, Sir Andras Schiff performed the last piano sonatas by Haydn, Beethoven, Mozart, and Schubert so brilliantly, so truly, with such passion that one felt as though in the presence of those four great artists themselves. The pianist’s integrity is on view and available to experience in his dedication to the music and lack of behaviors that would draw attention to himself rather than the music. It was an astonishing, great performance of astonishing, great music.

October 7 (tonight), 8, 9, & 10 Andras Schiff will be leader and pianist with the SF Symphony and Symphony Chorus in a concert of Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 27, Haydn, Lord Nelson Mass, and Schubert lieder. There might still be tickets. GO. Box Office: 415/864-6000 or 

HaydnFranz Joseph Haydn was the Father of the Symphony, Father of the String Quartet, probably the inventor of the piano trio, too. We all benefit from the absence of TV, movies, fast cars in his era and the fact that writing great music worked for him as a way to earn a very good living after a difficult childhood. He made time to write 106 symphonies, 68 string quartets, piano sonatas, masses, minuets, more. “Papa” Haydn’s creativity led not only to new music, but also new forms for his endless musical ideas. His Sonata in E-flat major for Piano, H.XVI:52 is last of the three piano sonatas which he wrote while in London, 1794-95. The playfulness of this sonata sweeps away any image of the rigidity of the late 18th century. Just when it seems like the listener might anticipate a style or rhythm, Haydn has surprises to delight the imagination. There is almost a drama in the music; it changes direction, flutters, jumps, and cascades. There is surely drama in watching the liveliness of being made audible by this great pianist’s artistry.

14708Ludwig Van Beethoven’s Sonata No. 32 in C minor for Piano, Opus 111: Do you love a mystery? A very big mystery? This sonata is a comet, a ball of fire, an extravagant expenditure of energy, ideas, one might say foresight. Perhaps Beethoven decided to share his experience of traveling to the stars and back; perhaps his understanding of the stars; perhaps he found the formulae in this music to describe the pulsating star of his existence. Listening, one feels one’s own head opening up to experience the music. It is not possible to reflect upon it and experience it, too. It is happening in time and so there is no time but to be there as it happens: breathing, blood racing, images in one’s eyes, tingling skin, and the explosion of the moment. The ultimate thrill comes paired with an inner calm: life. The music rolls over itself in exuberance which suggested to this Hedgehog a celestial ragtime. Heaven is here. Before beginning this sonata, Sir Andras Schiff rested his hands on the top of the piano, then crossed his arms across his chest, then gently placed above the keys. After the sonata’s end, the entire audience stood to cheer.

mozart-kraft-1819Mozart’s Sonata in D major for Piano, K.576 has another kind of  extravagant energy, sometimes witty, sometimes lyrical, sometimes a vast game in which Mozart finds the maximum number of arrangements and rearrangements of multiple harmonies and forms. Overall, it is beautiful. One can simply enjoy it knowing that Mozart’s intricate, perfect puzzle building is there for our pleasure. The late music writer Michael Steinberg wrote that this is Mozart’s most difficult work for solo piano. Sir Andras Schiff performed it as though it were written especially for him. He seemed to know it from the inside as though he and Mozart were nodding to each other as each new, unpredictable — except to them — variation presented itself. Together, Schiff and Mozart shared the composer’s rueful humor in this exquisite performance.

SchubertThough born 27 years after Beethoven, Schubert outlived him by only one year. Musicians, composers, writers so often compare the two that it brings to mind play ground conversations about which is stronger, a lion or a tiger. Undoubtedly that is because your current writer is not sufficiently knowledgeable to analyze the comparisons. It seems only amazing that they both existed and wrote music that we are so fortunate to hear and ponder, learn from and enjoy. Franz Schubert’s Sonata in B-flat major for Piano, D.960 closed this concert. There was no more to say. Before beginning, the pianist rested his hands on top of the piano, then clasped them together in front of himself, then again gently placed them on the keys. We do not know how he prepared himself to begin his Haydn and Mozart  selections as he entered from off stage, but this silence was apt for Beethoven and Schubert. In fact, distinguishing characteristics of Schubert’s sonata were moments of silence that came unevenly in the midst of the music. It was like trying to remember a prayer to calm oneself, being interrupted, beginning again at the beginning, the mind being agitated by anxious thoughts, beginning again. The sonata contains beautiful, song-like passages that lift us up while the troubling undercurrents make their own music. It is a huge sonata, lengthy and encompassing searching, heart-breaking love. Sir Andras Schiff’s relationship with Schubert is different; he sings Schubert’s songs as he sees the tragedy that Schubert knew.

**Previous Hedgehog Highlights, see: Andras Schiff/Bach & Beethoven, Oct. 19, 2013; Andras Schiff/Bach, Oct. 11, 2013. Pictures: Andras Schiff courtesy of San Francisco Symphony; Haydn portrait by Thomas Hardy, 1792. Ok, I accept that it is not so difficult as playing these works. Exaggeration seemed necessary to convey the idea.

Sir Andras Schiff is now touring. Do not miss an opportunity to see/hear his performance. Oct. 18, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles; Oct. 30, Carnegie Hall, NYC; Nov. 10, London, Royal Festival Hall; Feb. 16-20, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He has extensive recordings on ECM. 

San Francisco Symphony: Tchaikovsky and Barber

mtt_06-white_0403-400x400The San Francisco Symphony, Music Director Michael Tilson Thomas conducting, presented Russian and American classics, October 3, 2015. The program embodied the great, universal emotions and actions of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony #6 in B minor, Opus 74, the Pathetique, and the intimate, personal emotions of specific memory in Samuel Barber’s, Knoxville: Summer of 1915, Opus 24. The fascinating program led to thoughts of how great art connects us to one another by starting with the most singular, immediate experiences to find the universal or starting with the grandest, earth spanning experience to find it  again in the solitary, human heart.

Samuel_BarberComposer Samuel Barber wrote Knoxville: Summer of 1915 soon after reading James Agee’s prose poem of that name. Although Barber grew up in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and Agee in Knoxville, Tennessee, they shared childhood experiences of lying on family back yards in the summer evenings, porches, main streets, trolleys, family characters. The music matched to Barber’s selections from Agee’s work encapsulates that time and place so clearly imprinted in individual American lives. Program note writer, James M. Keller, quotes American opera star Leontyne Price: “As a Southerner, it expresses everything I know about my roots and about my mama and father…my home town….You can smell the South in it.”               Guest artist, soprano Susanna Phillips has a lovely stage presence and sang well. She was sometimes overpowered by the orchestra which made the lyrics hard to understand, but, when she was heard clearly, she succeeded in presenting the peaceful contentment of a summertime full of familiar events and happy to be uneventful.



composer_05_2Tchaikovsky’s Symphony #6 can trick the listener into a mistaken, waltz induced optimism. The first movement, Adagio–Allegro non troppo, begins with very low, very quiet notes. It is slow and serious; it may foreshadow doom. The next two movements are so unlike the first that one might think they were randomly put together for the Pathetique. They demonstrate the extent of Tchaikovsky’s gift for variety of emotion and style. He expresses the range of human feelings in the glorious melody and inventive rhythms he creates. The second movement, Allegro con grazia, seems to promise triumph, life embracing life. Then, in the third, Allegro molto vivace, a march insistently piles cloud upon cloud and marches onward as though lines of marchers overtake each other in near collision, force multiplying force. It ends with enormous bursts of energy, always convincing the listener, even the listener who has heard it before, that this is how it will end. It does not. Out of the breath between the movements, the lament arises. Adagio lamentoso –Andante, the final movement, harkens back to the beginning but takes us further as we have already traveled through other worlds created by the life in the middle of the symphony. The music has changed and has changed us. Its nearly unbearable sadness encompasses the greatness of human life and the painful secret of human life. It ends quietly as though the sound itself has no sound. Tchaikovsky died just nine days after the premiere. The San Francisco Symphony contributed a noble performance of this universal masterpiece.

The program opened with the West Coast premiere of Dispatches (2014) by Ted Hearne. MTT introduced the work by offering an idea of how to experience it, greatly appreciated advice.The work was commissioned by the San Francisco Symphony and the New World Symphony, based in Florida and founded by Michael Tilson Thomas. Dispatches challenges the audience by abrupt changes between expressing traditionally “musical” music and excursions into sound design, the composer’s re-do of Stevie Wonder, mechanically rearranging electronic sounds, and more. At one point, a voice emerged, shouting out something hard to understand. It was easy to assume it was part of the sound mix, but from the looks on the faces of the musicians, it was not.  The work was conducted by Christian Reif.

th-4POST-SCRIPT: THE AUDIENCE  Performers say they can feel the energy or attention or lack of either in their audience. The other 1999 people in the concert hall can affect one’s experience of the music. Antsy, noisy, clasping their brightly lit cell phones, quiet, attentive; they make a difference. The convention of not applauding after a movement in a symphony is not something everyone knows. In the course of experiencing Tchaikovsky’s 6th, it can make a huge difference if many in the audience burst into applause at the end of the third movement which is not the end of the symphony. That and a loud call for “Encore” happened October 3. MTT turned part of the way around on his podium and said that he just happened to have something more. Yes, the fourth movement. While feeling prickly, after a while one must recognize the good news: this audience cadre is (1) here and (2) excited and pleased about what they are hearing. All of that is good.

This Hedgehog has maintained the childhood habit of counting up how many movements are coming at the beginning of each piece on a program. Many in the audience read their programs while the music is being played; one might hope they would count, too. On October 21, 2001, Maestro Stanislaw Skrowaczewski led the SFS in performance of his own work, Music at Night, and Tchaikovsky’s 4th. Before beginning the symphony, Skrowaczewski turned to the audience and asked them to remember that despite the long pause before the final movement, the symphony was not yet over. It helped, though this Hedgehog gasped audibly at the end of the third movement, her emotions having been strained to breaking. SEE: Interview with Skrowaczewski in The Hedgehog, Vol.4, No.1, Fall, 2006.

Pictures: Michael Tilson Thomas, courtesy of the San Francisco Symphony; Samuel Barber, photo by Carl Van Vechten, 1944; Susanna Phillips; Tchaikovsky; Davies Symphony Hall, courtesy of the San Francisco Symphony.





The International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley loves to follow the work of its artists. Shilpa Torvi participated in the Choreo-cubator© this summer; two of her group works were presented in the Festival Concert and she also presented work in the Choreo-cubator© showcase. That makes the upcoming premiere of her major new work all the more exciting. Shilpa discovered a wonderful vehicle for her desire to expand the movement horizons of Bharatanatyam. The heroine of the ballet La Bayadere is an Indian temple dancer. What a perfect opportunity for Shilpa’s creative explorations: using the elegance and narrative power of Bharatnatyam within the enchanting tale of a dancer’s passions. Original music for the Ballet in Bharatanatyam is by Australian Satyajeet Samant. Choreographic Support was contributed by Pratima Shah. The new La Bayadere should become a classic. Be there for an extraordinary experience. Nov. 14 & 15, Jackson Theater, Ohlone College, Fremont, CA. For tickets & information: www.dikshaadanceacademy.comaarohi


Where did the time go?! The International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley 2015 was an amazing joy ride of dance energy. The dancers put their hearts into learning new choreography and creating new dances. Three performances: the Festival Preview Salsa, the Choreo-cubator© Showcase, and the crowning glory of the Festival Concert. Seven Master Classes on the Full Day of Dance© and intensive workshops through the week in Choreography, Classical Chinese, Contemporary, Dunham, and Salsa. Every day was packed with discoveries, beauty, experiences to treasure.IMG_0655IMG_0614

Pix: Audreyanne Covarrubias, Artist/Master Tapper teaching; Lucy Gubbins, Brooke Rankins, Myu Campbell, Shilpa Torvi, Aarohi Torvi; participants & audience Choreo Showcase; Polish Folk Circle with Master Teacher Christina Smolen, Julie Van Gelder, Nandini Surendranathan, Etta Walton; Julie Van Gelder, Nandini Surendranathan, Etta Walton practice the tap flap step; Artist/Teacher Etta Walton prepares for her Line Dance class.




The International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley presents the FESTIVAL CONCERT, today, Aug. 16, 3 p.m. It is at the Mountain View Masonic Center, 890 Church St., corner of Church & Franklin, in Mountain View, CA, 94041. Don’t miss the beauty and fun of this concert! Dance styles include: Bharatanatyam, choreographed by Shilpa Torvi; Classical Chinese ribbon dance, choreographed by Ann Woo; Contemporary dance, choreographed by Leslie Friedman; Salsa, choreographed by Leanne Rinelli; Tap choreographed by Audreyanne Covarrubias. Tickets: $15 general/$10 for over 65 or under 10 years of age. $25 sponsor ticket receives preferred seating and includes a $10, tax deductible donation to The Lively Foundation, the not for profit presenter of IDF@SV. Don’t miss this great event!

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Don’t miss this! It’s one of the most fun events of the summer. The Festival Preview Day for the International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley, August 9, Mountain View Masonic Center, 890 Church Street, Mountain View. The program:

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4 p.m. FREE GAVINA COFFEE TASTING! Aromatic & delicious. Do not miss this chance to learn about great coffee and find out why Gavina has been favored by coffee connoisseurs for 4 generations. Gavina Vice President, Lois Coburn, will be there to offer great tasting samples.

LeanneSmall3:15 p.m. FREE SALSA PERFORMANCE led by the fabulous Leanne Rinelli. An amazing dancer, Leanne learned Cuban Salsa in Havana last year. Don’t miss this! It will be beautiful and exciting.

1:30 – 2:45 Cuban Salsa class taught by Leanne Rinelli, no partner or previous experience needed   12   – 1:15  Dunham Technique/Afro-Haitian class taught by Leslie Arbogast for beginners- pros     Cost: 1 class for $12.50; both for $20.00  CLASS NOT REQUIRED TO ENJOY THE COFFEE TASTING OR TO WATCH THE SALSA PERFORMANCE!!! See you tomorrow!!!

IDF@SV Class Schedule: It’s here!!

Here’s the link to get you to the post with the complete class & event schedule for the International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley.  Remember to log in to when you are looking for information about IDF@SV. You can find all the articles by looking at the lists of posts, but if you leave off the /?=cat2  you will see whatever the most recent posts are first. Don’t miss this chance to dance. It is ideal for everyone from pros to beginners. DANCE! CREATE! PERFORM! Put your heart back in your art this summer at IDF@SV!"                               "pictures: Leanne Rinelli dances Salsa; Etta Walton leads Line Dances; Audreyanne Covarrubias & Megan Ivey Tap; Leslie Friedman dances in “Come Down, Angels.” "                               ""                               "Leslie angel


Dollar Great news for everyone who wants to participate in the International Dance Festival@Silicon Valley: Price reductions are happening NOW. Do not hesitate; these deals are too good to pass up. New offerings are (1) for the Festival Preview Day, take one class for $12.50; take TWO for $20. (2) for those wanting to take only two of the M2F© workshops, new price is $180. These are great deals for amazing experiences. The Festival Preview classes can be enjoyed by total beginners who have never tried to dance before AND by experienced, even professional dancers. DO NOT MISS THE FUN! and remember that on August 9, Festival Preview Day, you can watch Leanne Rinelli’s fabulous Salsa Demo Performance for FREE, and you can participate in the Gavina Gourmet Coffee Tasting for FREE whether you take a class or not. Special note to those new to IDF@SV or new to dance: during the week, 8/10-8/14, there are definitely dance experiences which welcome YOU. The Salsa class welcomes non-dancers as well as those who Salsa even in their sleep. Do you have a lot of dance training but not in the kinds of dance being offered? NO PROBLEM. You are welcome in all the classes. Did you dance years ago but have not danced recently. NO PROBLEM. Come back to dance. Try something new and have a great time. Contact for more news. Gavina Logo


FaceToFaceGrpJuly26DanceChinese Performing Arts of America–CPAA–invited The Lively Foundation to present a dance in the 1st Silicon Valley Arts Showcase, July 26, 2-3:30 p.m., at CPAA’s International Performing Arts Center, 6148 Bollinger Road, San Jose. It is an honor and very exciting to be included. Four beautiful dancers will perform Face to Face, a dance choreographed by Leslie Friedman for the Adagio for English Horn & Strings by Mozart. A wonderful group of dancers has been rehearsing the dance every day; now, the performance is about to begin! The program will include both Chinese and Western music and dance. At the same site, there is also an exhibition of painting and calligraphy which opens July 25. Pictures: In rehearsal at the Mountain View Masonic Center, Mountain View, CA, onstage, L to R: Natalie Duong, Katy Walter, Laila Waheed, Leelianna Fezli; standing, L to R: Leelianna Fezli, Laila Waheed, Natalie Duong, Katy Walter.